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Bible Weights

 

Bible

Weights

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Weights and Measures and Bible Alphabets

Weights and measures in the original languages of the Bible are expressed in terms that are not easy for people today to visualize or understand. While every effort has been made to provide accurate modern equivalencies, it should be noted that the measurements listed here varied from one ancient country to another.

 

1 handbreadth 3 inches (US) 7.5 centimeters
1 span 9 inches (US)  
1 standard cubit 15 inches (US) 0.46 meters
1 long cubit
= 1 standard cubit + 1 handbreadth
18 inches (US)  
 
Dry Measure
1 ephad (dry)
= 1/10th homer (dry)
0.62 bushels (US)
0.61 bushels, imperial
22 cubic decimeters?
1 homer (dry) 6.2 bushels (US)
6.1 bushels, imperial
220 cubic decimeters
1 cor (dry) 103 gallons, dry (US)
86 gallons, dry imperial
391 liters
1 sata (dry) 1.5 pecks (US) 1.3 cubic decimeters
1 choenix > 1 quart, dry (US) slightly > 1 cubic decimeter
 
Liquid Measure
1 bath (liquid)
= 1/10th homer (dry)
5.8 gallons (US)
4.84 gallons, imperial
22 liters
1 homer (liquid) 58 gallons (US)
48.4 gallons, imperial
220 liters
1 hin (liquid) 1.7 gallons (US) 6.5 liters
 
Weights/Masses
1 shekel 2/5 advp. ounce (US) 11.5 grams
1 talent
= 3000 shekels
76.1 pounds (US) 34.5 kilograms
 
Monetary
1 quadrans, Ceasarian times
Roman coin = 1/64 Roman silver denarius coin
1 denarius (pl. denarii), Ceasarian times [one day's agriculturer's wages]
Roman silver coin = 1/25 Roman gold aureus coin = 1/4 Heb. shekel silver
1 drachma, Hellenistic to Ceasarian times [one day's agriculturer's wages]
Greek silver coin, nearly equal in size/value to 1 denarius or 1/4 Heb. shekel silver
1 didrachma, Hellenistic to Ceasarian times
Greek silver coin, equal in value to 2 drachma or nearly 2 denarii or 1/2 Heb. shekel silver
1 stater (Roman name for didrachma?), Hellenistic to Ceasarian times
Greek silver coin, equal in value to 2 drachma or nearly 2 denarii or 1/2 Heb. shekel silver
1 mina, Hellenistic to Ceasarian times
Greek coin, equal in value to 100 denarii or 1/60th of a talent

1 shekel: Value depends upon metal used—gold, silver, or brass

 

Bible Alphabets
Hebrew and Greek Alphabets 

Hebrew - Psalms 119   Greek - Rev. 1:8
?   alef   ? ?   alpha
?   bet, beth   ? ?   beta
?   gimel   ? ?   gamma
?   daled, dalet, daleth   ? ?   delta
?   hey, he   ? ?   epsilon
?   waw, vav   ? ?   zeta
?   zayin   ? ?   eta
?   chet, cheth, het, heth   ? ?   theta
?   tet, teth   ? ?   iota
?   yud, yod, yodh   ? ?   kappa
? ? kaf, kaph (final kaf)   ? ?   lamda
?   lamed, lamedh   ? ?   mu
? ? mem (final mem)   ? ?   nu
? ? nun (final nun)   ? ?   xi
?   samekh   ? ?   omicron
?   ayin   ? ?   pi
? ? pey, pe (final pey)   ? ?   rho
? ? tzadi, tsadi, zade, sadhe, tsadhe (final tzadi)   ? ? ? sigma (final sigma)
?   kuf, qof, qoph   ? ?   tau
?   resh   ? ?   upsilon
??   sin   ? ?   phi
??   shin   ? ?   chi
?   tav, taw   ? ?   psi
        ? ?   omega

 

WEIGHTS

beka,1/2 shekel(10 gerahs)    88.14  grains    5.711 g
gerah                          8.81  grains    0.570 g
mina (50 shekels)             20.148 oz      571.175 g
pim 3/4 shekel(1 1/2 bekas)    0.25  oz        7.0   g
pound (Hebrew mina)           20.148 oz      571.175 g
pound (Latin libra)            0.719 lb      325.707 g
shekel(2 bekas)               176.29 grains   11.423 g
talent (60 minas)             75.558 lb       34.227 kg
talent (Hebrew talent)        75.558 lb       34.227 kg

MEASURES

DRY MEASURES of CAPACITY
ephah, measure (3 seahs)         20.878 qt        22.986 L
homer, measure, cor(2 lethechs)   6.524 bu       229.892 L
kab  (4 logs)                     1.159 qt         1.276 L
lethech(5 ephahs)                 3.262 bu       114.946 L
log (1 1/4 kab)                    20.5 cu. in       .33 L 
measure (3 1/3 omers)             6.959 qt         7.661 L
omer (1/10 epah, 1 4/5 kabs)      2.087 qt         2.297 L
seah (3 1/3 omers, 6 kabs)          .25 cu ft       7.33 L

LIQUID MEASURES of CAPACITY
bath (6 hins, 3 seahs)            6.073 gal       22.986 L
hin (3 kabs, 12 logs)             1.012 gal        3.830 L
kab (4 logs)                      1.349 qt         1.276 L
log (1/12 hin)                    0.674 pt         0.318 L
measure,cor (10 baths)         60.738 gal      229.893 L 
seah (6 kabs, 2 hins)             2.0   gal        7.33  L

MEASURES of LENGTH
cubit (2 spans) 6-7 palms         17.49 in.        44.424 cm 
finger (digit) 1/12 span          0.728 in.         1.849 cm
gomedh 3 3/4 palms, 1 1/4 spans    12.0 in.          30.0 cm 
handbreadth (4 fingers)           2.915 in.         7.404 cm
palm (handbreadth) 4 fingers        3.0 in.           7.5 cm
span (3 handbreadths)             8.745 in.        22.212 cm

MEASURES of CAPACITY
measure (Hebrew bath)             6.073 gal       22.986 L 
measure (Hebrew cor)              6.524 bu       229.892 L
measure (Hebrew seah)             6.959 qt         7.661 L
measure                            10.3 gal       38.985 L
quart                              0.98 dry qt     1.078 L
bushel (Latin modius)              7.68 dry qt     8.455 L
pot (Latin sextarius)              0.96 dry pt     0.528 L
1.12 fluid pt   0.529 L

MEASURES of LENGTH

cubit 6-7 palms, 2 spans          18 in.          45 cm 
fathom   4 cubits. 8 spans        72 in.         182 cm
furlong    606 ft          184 m


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